What is Third-Party Reproduction?

Third-party reproduction is the use of another person's gametes (i.e., oocytes/eggs, or sperm), embryos, or body (i.e., uterus). Individuals and couples will choose third-party reproduction when the use of their own gametes or uterus is not possible or not available, possibly due to:

  • Infertility (low ovarian reserve, low sperm count, hysterectomy)
  • Single parenting
  • LGBTQ+ family building

Many families are successfully created every day with third-party reproduction! However, this type of family-building can bring on specific considerations for the parents, for the donor or surrogate, and most importantly for the child. Third-party reproduction counselling provides support, information, and resources to everyone involved in the process to help make this as positive a journey as possible.

Third-Party Reproduction Counselling

Third-party reproduction counselling can assist you to:

LGBTQ+ family building

  • Make the decision of whether third-party reproduction is the option for you
  • Prepare to be an intended parent/recipient or a donor or gestational carrier/surrogate
  • Decide on what to look for in a donor or surrogate/gestational carrier
  • Know how to inform your children of their conception or birth story
  • Know if, how, and when to inform friends and family of your plans
  • Manage the information between all parties
  • Manage relationships, boundaries, and expectations between all parties
  • Feel more attached and bonded to your child, regardless of genetic connection
  • Have as positive and successful an experience as possible

Third-Party Reproduction Reports:

Single parenting

A third-party reproduction counselling session is required by your fertility/IVF clinic and by Health Canada, whenever you are pursuing egg/sperm/embryo donation or surrogacy. This is the case whether you are the intended parent(s) or the intended donor/gestational carrier. If you know the third-party (i.e., they are a friend, family member, or someone you met through a matching service), they will need to attend their own separate session. Legal partners (i.e., common-law, married) are also required to attend sessions. Once all parties have attended their counselling session, a written report will be sent to your clinic within a week of your meeting.

About Holly Yager:

Holly Yager, M.Ed. is a qualified and experienced fertility counsellor, who provides third-party counselling and reports to all fertility clinics in British Columbia, Canada, and parts of the US. Holly Yager follows best practice guidelines set by the Canadian Fertility & Andrology Society (CFAS) and the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM).


The one-hour session is $180 (including the report and GST). The fee is set according to guidelines set by the BC Association of Clinical Counsellors. Holly Yager is a Registered Clinical Counsellor (RCC #2981) and a Canadian Certified Counsellor (CCC #3009), which means that if you have an extended health care benefits plan, you can submit your receipt to them for reimbursement.

Make an Appointment with Holly:

  • Send an email and we will reply with some appointment options.
  • In some circumstances, this session can be done remotely, via Zoom videoconferencing.